Remapping Keyboard Keys(Esc and Caps)
I use vim as an editor, and this comes with some curse. I press "ESC" a lot. And yet this key is located at an inconvenient location, at the top row of my keyboard. For a key I often use, I would rather it occurs somewhere closer to the home row.
The "CapsLock" key is one that I rarely use, yet its located at the home row. Furthermore, its use is redundant because I can always use the "SHIFT" key to do the same work.
I found a nifty trick on how to remap these keys on my keyboard in linux.
Open the terminal and type:
xmodmap -e "clear Lock" -e "keycode 9 = Caps_Lock NoSymbol Caps_Lock" -e "keycode 66 = Escape NoSymbol Escape"
If this does not work replace: clear Lock with remove Lock = Caps_Lock
xmodmap -e "remove Lock = Caps_Lock" -e "keycode 9 = Caps_Lock NoSymbol Caps_Lock" -e "keycode 66 = Escape NoSymbol Escape"
However, this change is temporary. On system restart the keyboard will be the old same.
To make the changes permanent within the system:
xmodmap -pke >~/.xmodmap # Add this line to ~/.xinitrc xmodmap .xmodmap
Another alternative is to use
# replaces caps with escape functionality setxkbmap -option caps:escape # swaps capslock and escape setxkbmap -option caps:swapescape
Add whatever command to the
.xinitrc file to work.
This switch is not all hymns and praises because:
- My laptop just became more unusable to others
- My muscle memory has already got this new configuration. This makes it difficult to work with other machines.